Friday, April 30, 2021

Annona squamosa (sugar apple fruit)

Annona squamosa L., which is commonly known as sugar apple, custard apple, sweet sop, sweet apres and sitaphal, is a member of Annonaceae family, comprising approximately 135 genera and 2300 species.

The genus name, ‘Annona’ is from the Latin word ‘anon’, meaning ‘yearly produce’, referring to the production of fruits of the various species in this genus. A. squamosa has been named botanically from Jamaica.

A. squamosa L. (Annonaceae) is a tropical species that produces fruits valued for their aroma and flavor, which are used to manufacture juices, ice creams and jellies.

The aggregate fruit is heart-shaped, round, ovate, or conical, from 2 to 5 inches (5.1-12.7 cm) in diameter and weighs from 4 to 24 oz (113-682 g). The fruit is composed of loosely cohering segments, which project as rounded protuberances and are easily separated when the fruit is ripe.

Fruits are normally eaten fresh. Between 50-80% of the fruit is edible. The vitamin C content is appreciable (35-42 mg/100 g) and slightly higher than in grapefruit. The nutrient value of thiamine, potassium and dietary fiber is also significant.
Annona squamosa (sugar apple fruit)

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